Response to the Allegations by Fernanda Lopez Aguilar
Thomas Winfried Menko Pogge is a German philosopher and is the Director of the Global Justice Program and Leitner Professor of Philosophy and International Affairs at Yale University. In addition to his Yale appointment, he is the Research Director of the Centre for the Study of the Mind in Nature at the University of Oslo, a Professor of Philosophy and Global Justice at the Law School of King’s College London and Professor of Political Philosophy at the University of Central Lancashire’s Centre for Professional Ethics. Pogge is also an editor for social and political philosophy for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy and a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.
Pogge received his Ph.D. from Harvard University with a dissertation supervised by John Rawls. Since then he has published widely on Kant and in moral and political philosophy, including various books on John Rawls and global justice.
Thomas Pogge on Justice and the Free Market
World Poverty and Human Rights
World Poverty and Human Rights: Cosmopolitan Responsibilities and Reforms is a 2002 book by Thomas Pogge. In the book, Pogge explains that the poorest 44 percent of humankind have 1.3 percent of global income and their purchasing power per person per day is less than that of $2.15 in the US in 1993; 826 million of them do not have enough to eat. One-third of all human deaths are from poverty-related causes: 18 million annually, including 12 million children under five.
At the other end of the spectrum, the 15 percent of humankind in the developed countries have 80 percent of global income. Pogge argues that shifting 1 or 2 percent of the wealthy states’ share toward poverty eradication is morally compelling. Yet most of the affluent believe that they have no such responsibility and Thomas Pogge’s book seeks to explain how this belief is sustained. He analyses how our “moral and economic theorizing and our global economic order” have adapted to make us appear disconnected from mass poverty abroad. Dispelling the illusion, he also offers a normative standard of global economic justice and makes detailed, realistic proposals toward fulfilling it.
Thought Leader: Thomas Pogge
The inequality between rich and poor has gotten much greater. In terms of how much of the remaining poverty and suffering is unavoidable, one would have to say that today pretty much all of it is avoidable.
Thomas Pogge at Carnegie Council for Ethics and International Affairs
In 2011 Thomas Pogge had an interview with Policy Innovations outlining the key issues of global poverty. Some of the key issues are:
- economic positions—income and wealth—are very unevenly distributed
- our duty to the poor is to stop actively harming them
- global institutional arrangements are human-made
- dictatorial regimes often manage to keep themselves in power because they are recognized by foreigners as representing the state and its people
Read more here: Thomas Pogge on Global Poverty
Curing Ebola with Thomas Pogge
Excerpt: By breaking with the mould of his profession and venturing into the world of practical application, Yale Professor of philosophy Thomas Pogge has developed a solution to this paradigm of pharmaceutical development – the ‘Health Impact Fund’.
Thomas Pogge interview with ASAP
How would you characterize the process that was used for the formulation, adoption, and implementation of the MDGs? How inclusive was it? What were the main strengths and weaknesses in that process?
Thomas Pogge: I think the truth is that we don’t know very much about the process that led to the adoption of the MDGs. As you know, the predecessor version was formulated in the Millennium Declaration, and that was passed by to the UN General Assembly, and of course we know how that happened. This was proposed, and it was adopted by the General Assembly in the year 2000. Read More: Thomas Pogge interview with ASAP
Politics as Usual: What Lies Behind the Pro-Poor Rhetoric by Thomas Pogge
Politics as Usual was written by Thomas Pogge published in 2010. A brief summary below:
Worldwide, human lives are rapidly improving. Education, health-care, technology, and political participation are becoming ever more universal, empowering human beings everywhere to enjoy security, economic sufficiency, equal citizenship, and a life in dignity. To be sure, there are some specially difficult areas disfavoured by climate, geography, local diseases, unenlightened cultures or political tyranny. Here progress is slow, and there may be set-backs. But the affluent states and many international organizations are working steadily to extend the blessings of modernity through trade and generous development assistance, and it won’t be long until the last pockets of severe oppression and poverty are gone.